Brief Description

Morphological clique model (problem - MCM) is a new generalized combinatorial optimization model for morpological analysis
with vectror-like objective function which consists of the following two parts:
(1) quality (effectiveness, excelence) of selected elements; and
(2) quality of interconnection (compatibility) of selected elements.
This model generalizes some versions of well-known combinatorial problems, for example:
(i) multiple-choice problem;
(ii) assignment/allocation; and
(iii) graph coloring problem.
Morphological clique problem is a basis for "partitioning / synthesis macroheuristic" to solve some
combinatorial problems (e.g., TSP, Minimal Steinter Tree problem, scheduling problem).
Morphological clique model is NP-hard.
The problem is targeted to search for Pareto-efficient decisions.
Solving schemes can be based on the following:
(a) backtracking techniques, (b) dynamic programming, (c) heuristics, (d) enumenative algorithms, (e) approximation approaches.
Morphological clique model can be used to design series-parallel solving strategies (method engineering, model management, etc.).

Basic Levin's References (Morphological Clique Model and Hierarchical Morphological Design approach):
I. Articles:
1.1. M.Sh. Levin, Hierarchical design of user interfaces. In: LNCS, Vol. 876, Springer, pp. 140-151, 1994.
1.2. M.Sh. Levin, Hierarchical morphological multicriteria design of decomposable systems.
Concurrent Engineering: Research and Applications, 4(2), pp. 111-117, 1996.
( journal site )
1.3. M.Sh. Levin, System synthesis with morphological clique problem: Fusion of subsystem evaluation decisions. Information Fusion, 2(3), 225-237, 2001.
( sciencedirect )
( journal site )
1.4. M.Sh. Levin, Towards combinatorial analysis, adaptation, and planning of human-computer systems, Applied Intelligence, 16(3), 235-247, 2002.
( journal site )
1.5. M.Sh. Levin, Modular system synthesis: Example for composite packaged software IEEE Trans. on SMC, Part C, 35(4), 544-553, 2005.
( journal site: IEEE Xplore )
1.6. M.Sh. Levin, Combinatorial optimization in system configuration design. Autom. and Remote Control, vol. 70, no. 3, pp. 519-561, 2009.
( journal site )
II. Books:
2.1. M.Sh. Levin, Combinatorial Engineering of Decomposable Systems, Kluwer (now: Springer), 1998.
( in Amazon )
2.2. M.Sh. Levin, Composite Systems Decisions. Springer, 2006.
( in Amazon )
2.3. M.Sh. Levin, Decision Support Technology for Modular Systems. Electronic book. 341 pp. (in Russian). 2013.
2.4. M.Sh. Levin, Modular System Design and Evaluation. Springer, 473 p., 2015 (Due: Sep. 2014).
III. Electronic Preprints:
3.1. M.Sh. Levin, Morphological methods for design of modular systems (a survey). Electronic preprint. 20 pp., Jan. 9, 2012. [cs.SE]

3.2. M.Sh. Levin, Multiset estimates and combinatorial synthesis. Electronic preprint. 30 pp., May 9, 2012. [cs.SY]

Close optimization problems:

(i) problem of representatives;
(ii) problem of compatible representatives;
(iii) knapsack-like problems;
(iv) maximal clique problem;
(v) quadratic assignment problem;
(vi) multidimensional assignment problem;
(vii) multipartite clique, and
(viii) mixed integer non-linear programming.

Main Engineering Applications (i.e., morphological approach):

(1) design of modular systems;
(2) design/planning of problem solving processes (including test strategies);
(3) coordination of digraphs (searching for a largest common part of digraphs
which are defined at the same set of vertices, etc.);
(4) transformation (improvement, adaptation, reengineering) of systems;
(5) design and adaptation of systems (e.g., human-computer systems);
(6) design of educational plans and processes for "transformation" of specialists;
(7) information synthesis; and
(8) strategic design/technological forecasting.

History & Close Research/Application Directions:

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